Candidates and Campaigns

More Women Can Run: Gender and Pathways to the State Legislatures

by Susan Carroll and Kira Sanbonmatsu
Oxford University Press, September 2013, 176 pages

Analyzing nationwide surveys of state legislators conducted by CAWP, More Women Can Run challenges assumptions of a single model of candidate emergence with a relationally embedded model of candidacy. It reorients research on women's election to office and offers strategies for political practitioners concerned about women's political equality. Video of a book talk given by Carroll and Sanbonmatsu available here

Book
Research
CAWP Scholar
Candidate Recruitment
Candidates and Campaigns
State Legislature

Turning the Tables: Behind Every Successful Woman

by Kelly Dittmar
Book chapter in Women and Executive Office: Pathways and Performance, ed. Melody Rose, Lynne Reiner Publishers

This chapter analyzes the 2008 Democratic presidential primary to consider the ways in which a male spouse challenges a female candidate’s image as a capable and independent executive.  Dittmar examines the media’s framing of both male and female spouses on the campaign trail and analyzes the extent to which coverage reflects a transgendering, or equal gender valuing, of candidate spouses’ roles. She finds a combination of spousal role evolution and constraint in media frames, simultaneously empowering presidential spouses while attributing greater gender power to the masculine partner – whether candidate or spouse. 

Book Chapter
Research
CAWP Scholar
Candidates and Campaigns
Statewide Executive

Gender Stereotypes and Gender Preferences in American Politics

by Kira Sanbonmatsu and Kathleen Dolan
Chapter in Improving Public Opinion Surveys: Interdisciplinary Innovation and the American National Election Studies, Eds. John H. Aldrich and Kathleen M. McGraw. Princeton University Press, 2012

Book Chapter
Research
CAWP Scholar
Candidates and Campaigns
Women Voters and the Gender Gap
Congress

Can More Women Run? Reevaluating Women’s Election to the State Legislatures

by Susan J. Carroll and Kira Sanbonmatsu
Paper presented at the 2010 American Political Science Association annual meeting

Do men and women take similar or different paths to public office? This paper examines the occupational and educational backgrounds, family situations, and prior political experiences of women state legislators and their male counterparts. 

Conference Paper
Research
CAWP Scholar
Candidate Recruitment
Candidates and Campaigns
State Legislature

Negotiating Gender: Campaign Practitioners’ Reflections on Gender, Strategy, and Campaigns

by Kelly Dittmar
Paper presented at the 2010 Annual Meeting of the American Political Science Association, Washington, DC

 This paper explores the variation among and between campaign consultant perspectives, highlighting areas where gender matters more or less and recognizing the influence of consultants’ identities on their perceptions of gender and campaigns. As political actors with a growing presence and influence on campaigns, political consultants provide important insight to the campaign process and the gender dynamics therein. This insight contributes to a deeper understanding of campaigns as gendered institutions, whereby gender norms and expectations are embedded in the culture, structure, and processes of electoral politics.

Conference Paper
Research
CAWP Scholar
Candidates and Campaigns

Life's A Party: Do Political Parties Help or Hinder Women?

by Kira Sanbonmatsu
Harvard International Review, 2010

Sanbonmatsu evaluates the role of political parties in electing women to office. She argues that the history of U.S. parties indicates that women’s organizations and movements, women leaders, and women voters are the keys to making political parties a help rather than a hindrance to women’s representation.

Article
Research
CAWP Scholar
Candidate Recruitment
Candidates and Campaigns
Political Parties

Entering the Mayor’s Office: Women’s Decisions to Run for Municipal Office

by Susan J. Carroll and Kira Sanbonmatsu
Paper presented at the 2010 Midwest Political Science Association annual meeting

This paper investigates the routes that women take to the mayor’s office in big cities (with populations of 30,000 and above) using the 2008 CAWP Mayoral Recruitment Study. The authors investigate the backgrounds of women mayors and their decisions to seek municipal office for the first time.

Conference Paper
Research
CAWP Scholar
Candidate Recruitment
Candidates and Campaigns
Local

Organizing American Politics, Organizing Gender

Book chapter by Kira Sanbonmatsu in The Oxford Handbook of American Elections and Political Behavior, Ed. Jan E. Leighley. 
Oxford University Press, 2010, 800 pages

This edited volume contains chapters by leading experts in the field of American elections and political behavior. Sanbonmatsu's chapter reviews research on gender differences in mass behavior and candidacy. She argues that future scholarship should focus on understanding the conditions under which gender structures political behavior and elections. In addition to calling for research on when gender as a social category is cued in politics, she argues that elections can create gender as a category: political behavior and elections themselves can shape beliefs about gender, instructing society about what men and women are like. 

Book Chapter
Research
CAWP Scholar
Candidates and Campaigns
Women Voters and the Gender Gap

Poised to Run: Women's Pathways to the State Legislatures

by Kira Sanbonmatsu, Susan J. Carroll, and Debbie Walsh
Center for American Women and Politics, Eagleton Institute of Politics, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, 2009, 31 pages

Poised to Run presents the initial findings of a 2008 CAWP study that asked women and men in state legislatures about their routes to elective office.

Report
Research
CAWP Scholar
Candidate Recruitment
Candidates and Campaigns
State Legislature

The 2008 Candidacies of Hillary Clinton and Sarah Palin: Cracking the ‘Highest, Hardest Glass Ceiling’

by Susan J. Carroll and Kelly Dittmar
Book chapter in Gender and Elections: Shaping the Future of American Politics (2nd Edition), Eds. Susan J. Carroll, CAWP, Rutgers University and Richard L. Fox, Union College, New York
Cambridge University Press, 2009

This chapter examines the ways that various gender stereotypes influenced the strategies employed by the 2008 campaigns of Hillary Clinton and Sarah Palin, the media’s coverage of their campaigns, and public reactions to the candidates.  It begins with a brief historical review of women’s efforts to run for president and vice president, focusing largely on major party candidates.  It then provides short overviews of the backgrounds and accomplishments of both Clinton and Palin before turning its attention to several major gender stereotypes and the ways these stereotypes affected their campaigns.

Book Chapter
Research
CAWP Scholar
Candidates and Campaigns
Federal Executive

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