Candidates and Campaigns
Gender, Political Ambition, and the Initial Decision to Run for Office
by Richard L. Fox
Center for American Women and Politics, Eagleton Institute of Politics, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, 2003, 14 pages
Funding for this report was provided by the Center for American Women and Politics, Rutgers University. The report sheds light on how women and men think about running for office and the manner in which their attitudes will affect the future prospects of gender parity in U.S. governing bodies. Fox concentrates his research on factors such as age, party affiliation, personal income, external support, and notoriety.
“Gender Stereotypes and Vote Choice"
by Kira Sanbonmatsu
American Journal of Political Science, 2002 (January)
The author argues that many voters have a baseline gender preference to vote for male over female candidates, or female over male candidates. Using original survey data, the author finds that this general predisposition or preference can be explained by gender stereotypes about candidate traits, beliefs, and issue competencies, and by voter gender. The author also argues that this baseline preference affects voting behavior.
Gender Differences in Print Media Coverage of Presidential Candidates: Elizabeth Dole's Bid for the Republican Nomination
by Caroline Heldman, Susan J. Carroll, and Stephanie Olson
American Political Science Association, 2000, 15 pages
This report examines Elizabeth Dole's bid for the Republican presidential nomination and the ways in which gender bias affected media coverage.
Women and American Politics: A Research Agenda for the 21st Century
Center for American Women and Politics, Eagleton Institute of Politics, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, 1996, 29 pages
In April 1994, CAWP convened a group of 79 scholars, researchers, political practitioners, and activists to help identify existing gaps in our knowledge, discuss the reasons for the gaps, and imagine the kinds of research projects needed to address unanswered questions in our understanding of women's political behavior.
Equality Deferred: Women Candidates for the New Jersey Assembly 1920-1993
by Richard P. and Katheryne McCormick
Center for American Women and Politics, 1994, 49 pages
This report explores the history of women's candidacies for the New Jersey Assembly and analyzes some of the reasons for the status of women as office-seekers in the state.
Women as Candidates in American Politics
by Susan J. Carroll
Indiana University Press, 1994, second edition, 264 pages
This book examines political parties' recruitment of women candidates, the factors that affect the outcomes of women's primary election campaigns, the future officeholding ambitions of women candidates, and women candidates' views on women's issues.
Women, Black, and Hispanic State Elected Leaders: The 1990 Symposium on the State of the States
Eagleton Institute of Politics, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey
Center for Public Service, University of Virginia
1991, 106 pages
In December 1990, more than sixty statewide officials, state legislators, other practitioners and scholars gathered for the fourth annual State of the States symposium. The symposium focused on the problems and possibilities that exist for women, Black and Hispanic elected officials. Issues discussed included campaigning and elections, changing political institutions, shaping state policy, and achieving leadership positions. Workshop summaries and participating scholars' papers are included in the report.
Woman Candidates and Support for Feminist Concerns: The Closet Feminist Syndrome
by Susan J. Carroll
The Western Political Quarterly (June 1984)
Women's Routes to Elective Office: A Comparison with Men's
Center for American Women and Politics, Eagleton Institute of Politics, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, 1983, 223 pages
Based on data collected through surveys of women and men elected to state legislatures, county governing boards, and municipal offices, this report examines the factors which influence women's entry into elective offices. A major section focuses on black women's routes to elective office.
In the Running: The New Woman Candidate
by Ruth B. Mandel
Beacon Press, 1981, paperback 1983, 280 pages
This book describes the emergence of women as candidates for elective office in the United States in the 1970s. Using a journalistic perspective, it analyzes the campaign experiences of women who are running for federal, state, and local offices across the country.