Women and Term Limits

Increasing Diversity or More of the Same? Term Limits and the Representation of Women, Minorities, and Minority Women in State Legislatures

by Susan J. Carroll and Krista Jenkins 
National Political Science Review 10 (2005): 71-84

This paper examines the question of whether term limits lead to greater diversity among legislators in terms of their gender, race, and ethnicity. Their findings from an analysis of electoral outcomes in states where term limits were in effect in 1998 and 2000 suggest that the answer to the question of whether term limits lead to more diverse legislatures is not straightforward.

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Women and Term Limits
Women of Color in Politics
State Legislature

Do Term Limits Help Women Get Elected?

by Susan J. Carroll and Krista Jenkins
Social Science Quarterly 82 (March 2001)

The authors' analysis suggests that term limits, unaccompanied by efforts to recruit women to run for term-limited seats, may be insufficient to increase the number of women state legislators. 

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Women and Term Limits
State Legislature

Unrealized Opportunity? Term Limits and the Representation of Women in State Legislatures

by Susan J. Carroll and Krista Jenkins 
Women & Politics 23:4 [2001]: 1-30 

A general overview on the effect of term limits on the numbers of women in elective office.

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Women and Term Limits
State Legislature

The Impact of Term Limits on Women

by Susan J. Carroll 
Spectrum: The Journal of State Government, 2001, 3 pages 

This article finds that "contrary to the expectation of term-limit advocates and many scholars, the number of women serving in term-limited statehouse seats actually decreased following the 1998 and 2000 elections."

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Women and Term Limits
State Legislature

Term Limits and the Representation of Women

by Mary Hawkesworth and Katherine E. Kleeman 
Center for American Women and Politics, Eagleton Institute of Politics, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, 2001, 24 pages

This monograph reports on a November, 1999 CAWP meeting to examine preliminary data on the impact of term limits on women’s representation and to explore how women might capitalize upon the political opportunities created by term limits.

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Women and Term Limits