Women in State Legislatures 2018

In 2018, 1,876, or 25.4% of the 7,383 state legislators in the United States are women. Women currently hold 449, or 22.8%, of the 1,972 state senate seats and 1,427, or 26.4%, of the 5,411 state house or assembly seats. Since 1971, the number of women serving in state legislatures has more than quintupled.

The party breakdown for women serving in state legislatures in 2018 is:

  Total Legislators State Senators State Reps.
Democrats 1,144 61.0% 259 57.7% 885 62.0%
Republicans 705 37.6% 174 38.8% 531 37.2%
Nonpartisans* 14 0.7% 14 3.1% - -
Working Families Party 1 0.1% - - 1 0.1%
Independents 7 0.4% 2 0.4% 5 0.4%
Progressives 5 0.3% - - 5 0.4%
TOTAL 1,876 100.1% 449 100.0% 1,427 100.1%

* In Nebraska, where the legislature is unicameral, legislators are elected on a nonpartisan basis.

Top 10 States
Arizona (40.0%) 
Vermont (40.0%)
Nevada (38.1%) 
Colorado (38.0%)
Washington (37.4%)
Illinois (35.0%)
Maine (33.9%)
Oregon (33.3%)
Maryland (33.0%)
Minnesota (32.8%)
Bottom 10 States
Wyoming (11.1%)
Oklahoma (14.1%)
Louisiana (14.6%)
West Virginia (14.9%)
Mississippi (14.9%)
Alabama (15.0%)
South Carolina (15.9%)
Tennessee (15.9%)
Kentucky (16.7%)
North Dakota (18.4%)

State Legislative Leadership

13 women serve as presidents of senates or presidents pro tempore:

Toni Atkins (D-CA)
Anitere Flores (R-FL)
Michelle Kidani (D-HI)
Susan Wagle (R-KS)
Harriette Chandler (D-MA)
Tonya Schuitmaker (R-MI)

Michelle L. Fischbach (R-MN)
Sharon Carson (R-NH)
M. Teresa Ruiz (D-NJ)
Mary Kay Papen (D-NM)
Laurie Monnes Anderson (D-OR)
Donna J. Boley (R-WV)
 
6 women serve as speakers of state houses:
Crisanta Duran (D-CO)
Linda L. Upmeyer (R-IA)
Sara Gideon (D-ME)
Tina Kotek (D-OR)
Beth Harwell (R-TN)
Mitzi Johnson (D-VT)
 

Women of Color

  • 456 (24.3%) of the 1,876 women state legislators serving nationwide are women of color (110 senators, 346 representatives; 429D, 25R, 1Prg., 1WFP).
  • Women of color constitute 6.2% of the total 7,383 state legislators. 

More information on women of color in elective office.

State Legislative Firsts

1894: First 3 women state legislators elected to the Colorado State House of Representatives (Clara Cressingham, Carrie C. Holly, and Frances Klock).

1896: First woman state senator elected in Utah (Martha Hughes Cannon).

For other important state legislative firsts, visit the Milestones for Women in American Politics page

Women in State Legislatures 2018 - State by State List

  State Senate Total Women/ House Total Women/ Total Women/ %Women
State Rank D R I** Total Senate D R I** Total House Total Legis. Overall
AL 45 3 0 1 4/ 35 12 5 - 17/ 105 21/ 140 15.0
AK 12 1 5 - 6/ 20 4 9 - 13/ 40 19/ 60 31.7
AZ* 1 6 8 - 14/ 30 13 9 - 22/ 60 36/ 90 40.0
AR 40 3 4 - 7/ 35 3 15 - 18/ 100 25/ 135 18.5
CA* 29 6 3 - 9/ 40 17 3 - 20/ 80 29/ 120 24.2
CO 4 8 2 1 11/ 35 18 9 - 27/ 65 38/ 100 38.0
CT 21 7 2 - 9/ 36 21 21 - 42/ 151 51/ 187 27.3
DE 34 3 1 - 4/ 21 7 2 - 9/ 41 13/ 62 21.0
FL 25 6 8 - 14/ 40 14 14 - 28/ 120 42/ 160 26.3
GA 23 11 2 - 13/ 56 32 18 - 50/ 180 63/ 236 26.7
HI 16 7 0 - 7/ 25 12 3 - 15/ 51 22/ 76 28.9
ID 14 4 5 - 9/ 35 7 16 - 23/ 70 32/ 105 30.5
IL 6 13 4 - 17/ 59 34 12 - 46/ 118 63/ 177 35.6
IN 37 2 6 - 8/ 50 11 11 - 22/ 100 30/ 150 20.0
IA 32 5 2 - 7/ 50 19 9 - 28/ 100 35/ 150 23.3
KS 18 4 11 - 15/ 40 15 17 - 32/ 125 47/ 165 28.5
KY 42 2 2 - 4/ 38 10 9 - 19/ 100 23/ 138 16.7
LA 48 3 2 - 5/ 39 7 9 - 16/ 105 21/ 144 14.6
ME 7 6 4 - 10/ 35 35 17 1 53/ 151 63/ 186 33.9
MD 9 10 3 - 13/ 47 38 11 - 49/ 141 62/ 188 33.0
MA 28 10 0 - 10/ 40 30 8 1 39/ 160 49/ 200 24.5
MI 26 1 3 - 4/ 38 17 16 - 33/ 110 37/ 148 25.0
MN 10 10 6 - 16/ 67 28 21 - 49/ 134 65/ 201 32.3
MS* 46 4 5 - 9/ 52 10 7 - 17/ 122 26/ 174 14.9
MO 30 5 2 - 7/ 34 18 21 - 39/ 163 46/ 197 23.4
MT 20 11 2 - 13/ 50 21 8 - 29/ 100 42/ 150 28.0
NE 24 - - 13 13/ 49 - - - - - unicameral - - 13/ 49 26.5
NV 3 5 1 1 7/ 21 13 4 - 17/ 42 24/ 63 38.1
NH 17 4 3 - 7/ 24 77 38 - 115/ 400 122/ 424 28.8
NJ 13 8 2 - 10/ 40 21 6 - 27/ 80 37/ 120 30.8
NM 15 5 2 - 7/ 42 17 10 - 27/ 70 34/ 112 30.4
NY 19 8 7 - 15/ 63 41 3 1 45/ 150 60/ 213 28.2
NC 27 5 7 - 12/ 50 17 13 - 30/ 120 42/ 170 24.7
ND 41 3 6 - 9/ 47 7 10 - 17/ 94 26/ 141 18.4
OH 33 3 3 - 6/ 33 13 10 - 23/ 99 29/ 132 22.0
OK 48 3 4 - 7/ 48 6 8 - 14/ 101 21/ 149 14.1
OR 8 6 2 - 8/ 30 19 3 - 22/ 60 30/ 90 33.3
PA 38 3 4 - 7/ 50 21 21 - 42/ 203 49/ 253 19.4
RI 11 12 1 - 13/ 38 21 2 - 23/ 75 36/ 113 31.9
SC* 43 2 2 - 4/ 46 12 11 - 23/ 124 27/ 170 15.9
SD 38 0 4 - 4/ 35 3 13 - 16/ 70 20/ 105 19.0
TN* 43 2 3 - 5/ 33 7 9 - 16/ 99 21/ 132 15.9
TX 35 2 6 - 8/ 31 21 8 - 29/ 150 37/ 181 20.4
UT 36 3 3 - 6/ 29 9 6 - 15/ 75 21/ 104 20.2
VT* 1 9 2 - 11/ 30 40 13 8 61/ 150 72/ 180 40.0
VA 22 7 3 - 10/ 40 23 5 - 28/ 100 38/ 140 27.1
WA 5 10 9 - 19/ 49 25 11 - 36/ 98 55/ 147 37.4
WV* 46 0 4 - 4/ 34 2 14 - 16/ 100 20/ 134 14.9
WI* 29 7 2 - 9/ 33 14 9 - 23/ 99 32/ 132 24.2
WY 50 1 2 - 3/ 30   3 4 - 7/ 60    10/ 90     11.1
Totals   259 174 16 449/ 1,972 885 531 11 1,427/ 5,411 1,878/ 7,383

25.4

  * States share the same rank if their proportions of women legislators are exactly equal or round off to be equal (AZ, VT; CA, WI; MS, WV; SC, TN).
**  I = other parties; in the Senate, 2 Independent, 14 non-partisans; in the House, 1 Working Families Party, 5 Progressives, 5 Independents.

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