Congress

Facts

Women in the US Congress 2017

Overview of women currently serving in U.S. Congress. 

Women in the US Senate 2017

Current and past women in the U.S. Senate, including a summary of whether they first entered office by election or appointment. 

Women in the US House of Representatives 2017

Current women serving in the U.S. House of Representatives, as well as summary information about how they first entered office. 

Women in Congress: Leadership Roles and Committee Chairs (past and present)

 

History of Women in the US Congress

List of numbers of women serving in U.S. Congress from 1917 to current.

Widows Who Succeeded Their Husbands in Congress


 

2017 Listing of Women in Congress

Fact Sheet Archive on Women in Congress (1998-2015)

Research

Gender and Elections: Shaping the Future of American Politics, 3rd Edition

Eds. Susan J. Carroll, CAWP, Rutgers University and Richard L. Fox, Union College, New York
Cambridge University Press, 2013 Third Edition, 287 pages 

The third edition of Gender and Elections highlights the most important developments for women as voters and candidates in the 2012 elections and providing a more long-term, in-depth analysis of the ways that gender has helped shape the contours and outcomes of electoral politics in the United States. Individual chapters demonstrate the importance of gender in understanding and interpreting presidential elections, presidential and vice-presidential candidacies, voter participation and turnout, voting choices, congressional elections, the political involvement of Latinas, the participation of African American women, the support of political parties and women's organizations, candidate communications with voters, and state elections. Earlier editions (First Edition 2006, Second Edition 2010) provide similar analysis for the 2004 and 2008 elections.

Book
Research
CAWP Scholar
Candidates and Campaigns
Political Parties
Women Voters and the Gender Gap
Women of Color in Politics
Federal Executive
Congress
Statewide Executive
State Legislature

Primary Problems: Women Candidates in U.S. House Primaries

by Kelly Dittmar
10/3/2013

Despite slight gains in congressional representation in 2012, women make up only 18.3% of the United States Congress. Research points to multiple reasons for women's political underrepresentation, including the need for more women to run. But when women do run, how do they fare?

Fact Sheet
Research
A Closer Look
Candidates and Campaigns
Congress

Women’s Votes in 2012 Critical to Democrats Retaining Control of the U.S. Senate

Press Advisory/Release
Research
Women Voters and the Gender Gap
Congress

Gender Stereotypes and Gender Preferences in American Politics

by Kira Sanbonmatsu and Kathleen Dolan
Chapter in Improving Public Opinion Surveys: Interdisciplinary Innovation and the American National Election Studies, Eds. John H. Aldrich and Kathleen M. McGraw. Princeton University Press, 2012

Book Chapter
Research
CAWP Scholar
Candidates and Campaigns
Women Voters and the Gender Gap
Congress

Gender and Elections: Shaping the Future of American Politics, 2nd Edition

Eds. Susan J. Carroll, CAWP, Rutgers University and Richard L. Fox, Union College, New York
Cambridge University Press, 2009 Second Edition, 314 pages 

The 2nd edition of this textbook describes the role of gender in the American electoral process through the 2008 elections. Tailored for courses on women and politics, elections, and gender politics, it strikes a balance between highlighting the most important developments for women as voters and candidates in the 2008 elections and providing a deeper analysis of the ways that gender has helped shape electoral politics in the United States.  Individual chapters demonstrate the importance of gender in understanding presidential elections, voter participation and turnout, voting choices, the participation of African American women, congressional elections, the support of political parties and women's organizations, candidate communications with voters, and state elections. This updated volume also includes new chapters that analyze the roles of Latinas in U.S. politics and chronicle the candidacies of Hillary Clinton and Sarah Palin.

Book
Research
CAWP Scholar
Candidates and Campaigns
Political Parties
Women Voters and the Gender Gap
Women of Color in Politics
Federal Executive
Congress
Statewide Executive
State Legislature

​Gender Stereotypes and Attitudes Toward Gender Balance in Government

by Kira Sanbonmatsu and Kathleen Dolan
American Politics Research, August 2008

The desire to elect more women to public office is likely to affect a range of political behaviors and may explain the relatively low levels of women's descriptive representation overall. Yet, little is known about the public's view of the ideal gender composition of government. The authors find that the public expresses a preference for higher levels of women's representation than the country has experienced. Women are more likely than men to express a view, though men and women do not differ in their preferences on the ideal percentage of male officeholders. The article examines the role of gender stereotypes and the experience of being represented by women officeholders in shaping support for women's representation.

Article
Research
CAWP Scholar
Candidates and Campaigns
Women Voters and the Gender Gap
Congress

“Committee Assignments: Discrimination or Choice?”

by Susan J. Carroll
Book chapter in Legislative Women: Getting Elected, Getting Ahead, edited by Beth Reingold, 2008

Book Chapter
Research
CAWP Scholar
Congress
State Legislature

Gender and Elections: Shaping the Future of American Politics, 1st Edition

Eds. Susan J. Carroll, CAWP, Rutgers University and Richard L. Fox, Union College, New York
Cambridge University Press, 2005 First Edition, 240 pages 

Gender and Elections offers a systematic, lively, multi-faceted account of the role of gender in the electoral process through the 2004 elections. This volume strikes a balance between highlighting the most important developments for women as voters and candidates in the 2004 elections and providing a more long-term, in-depth analysis of the ways that gender has helped shape the contours and outcomes of electoral politics in the United States. Individual chapters demonstrate the importance of gender in understanding and interpreting presidential elections, voter participation and turnout, voting choices, congressional elections, the participation of African American women, the support of political parties and women's organizations, candidate communications with voters, and state elections. 

Book
Research
CAWP Scholar
Candidates and Campaigns
Political Parties
Women Voters and the Gender Gap
Women of Color in Politics
Federal Executive
Congress
Statewide Executive
State Legislature

Gender-Related Political Knowledge and the Descriptive Representation of Women

by Kira Sanbonmatsu
Political Behavior, 2003 (December)

This study finds that political knowledge of one kind--knowledge about the actual level of women's representation--is related to support for having more women in office. Individuals who underestimate the percentage of women in office are more likely than individuals who know the correct percentage to support increasing women's representation. Meanwhile, individuals who overestimate the percentage of women in office are less likely to support increasing women's representation. Ironically, women are more likely than men to overestimate the presence of women in office. 

Article
Research
CAWP Scholar
Candidates and Campaigns
Civic and Political Activism
Congress

The Impact of Women in Public Office

Edited by Susan J. Carroll 
Indiana University Press, 2001, 256 pages

The studies in this book examine the impact of women public officials serving in various offices and locales at local, state, and national levels.  Order from Amazon and a percentage of the sale goes to CAWP.

Book
Research
CAWP Scholar
Impact of Women Public Officials
Congress
Statewide Executive
State Legislature
Local

Pages