Research and Scholarship

CAWP research and research by CAWP scholars that addresses emerging questions about American women's political participation. 

  • Latinas in U.S. Politics 2022

    by Kelly Dittmar, Ph.D.

    This report from the Center for American Women and Politics (CAWP) and Latinas Represent outlines the status of Latinas in American politics as of October 2022. 

    Report
    Research
    Candidates and Campaigns
    Gender and Race/Ethnicity
    Elective Office
    Federal Executive
    Congress
    Statewide Executive
    State Legislature
    Local
  • "The politics of “women of color”: a group identity worth investigating" in Politics, Groups and Identities

    By Yalidy Matos,Stacey Greene, and Kira Sanbonmatsu

    This article is the first public opinion study to examine whether there is continued utility in a "women of color" (WOC) identity. The article finds that a majority of Black women and Latinas self-identify as WOC and see it as an important part of their identity.

    Article
    Research
    Candidates and Campaigns
    Gender and Race/Ethnicity
  • Gender and Elections: Shaping the Future of American Politics, 5th Edition

    The fifth edition of Gender and Elections offers a lively, multi-faceted account of the role of gender in the electoral process through the 2020 elections.

    Book
    Research
    CAWP Scholar
    Candidates and Campaigns
    Political Parties
    Federal Executive
    Congress
    Statewide Executive
    State Legislature
  •  "Women Voters and the Utility of Campaigning as “Women of Color” in Journal of Women, Politics & Policy

    By Stacey Greene, Yalidy Matos, and Kira Sanbonmatsu

    This article analyzes original survey data to probe voter reaction to the women of color identity among self-identified Black women, Latinas, and white women. We evaluate whether women are aware of the term "women of color" and analyze the importance they place on the election of women of color candidates.

    Article
    Research
    Candidates and Campaigns
    Gender and Race/Ethnicity
  • The Money Race for the State Legislature

    by Kira Sanbonmatsu and Claire Gothreau

    This report is the third in the CAWP Women, Money, and Politics series. Analyzing 2020 campaign contributions data, the report examines state legislative contests with a focus on general elections. It identifies a large gender gap in giving to state legislative elections and examines giving patterns by political party. The report also identifies challenges and opportunities facing women candidates, comparing candidates by party and race/ethnicity. This report is made possible through a collaboration with OpenSecrets.

    Report
    CAWP Women, Money, and Politics Series
    Research
    Candidates and Campaigns
    Political Parties
    State Legislature
  • Reaching Higher: Black Women in American Politics 2021

    by Kelly Dittmar, Ph.D.

    This report from the Center for American Women and Politics (CAWP) and the Higher Heights Leadership Fund outlines the status of Black women in American politics as of September 2021. 

    Report
    Research
    Gender and Race/Ethnicity
    Federal Executive
    Congress
    Statewide Executive
    State Legislature
    Local
  • Money Matters in the Fifty States

    by Kira Sanbonmatsu and Claire Gothreau

    This report is the second in the CAWP Women, Money, and Politics series. Analyzing 2001-2020 campaign contributions data, the report examines attorney general, secretary of state, and treasurer primary elections and general election contests for all statewide executive offices (other than governor and lt. governor). It identifies challenges and opportunities facing women as donors and candidates with analysis of candidate party and race/ethnicity. This is the companion study to our report on gubernatorial elections, The Money Hurdle. This report is made possible through a collaboration with OpenSecrets.

    Report
    CAWP Women, Money, and Politics Series
    Research
    Candidates and Campaigns
    Political Parties
    Statewide Executive
  • Measuring Success: Women in 2020 Legislative Elections

    by Kelly Dittmar

    Measuring women’s electoral success means placing 2020 outcomes into historical and contemporary context. That is the work done in this report, where CAWP breaks down 2020 congressional and state legislative data by gender, race, and party; puts this data into historical context, with specific comparisons to the 2018 election; analyzes women candidates’ paths to office and strategies for success; and looks ahead to what 2020 election outcomes mean for the future of women in American politics.

    Report
    Research
    Political Parties
    Candidates and Campaigns
    Candidate Recruitment
    Gender and Race/Ethnicity
    State Legislature
    Congress
  • By the Numbers: Black Women in the 117th Congress

    by Kelly Dittmar, Ph.D. 

    This update from the Center for American Women and Politics (CAWP) and the Higher Heights Leadership Fund outlines the number of Black women in the U.S. Congress at the start of 2021. 

    Report
    Research
    CAWP Scholar
    Gender and Race/Ethnicity
    Congress
  • The Money Hurdle in the Race for Governor

    by Kira Sanbonmatsu, Kathleen Rogers, and Claire Gothreau

    This report is the first in a new CAWP series of reports on the role of money in politics. Analyzing 2000-2018 data from the National Institute on Money in Politics (NIMP), it examines primary and general election receipts and giving patterns by donor gender, identifying opportunities and challenges for women candidates and women donors. Its focus on gender and giving to gubernatorial candidates is unique.

    Report
    CAWP Women, Money, and Politics Series
    Research
    Candidates and Campaigns
    Statewide Executive