State Legislatures

Facts

Women in State Legislatures 2017

State by state listing and ranking of numbers and percentages of women in state legislative office.


Women in State Legislatures 1975-2016

State by state listing of numbers and percentages of women elected to state legislatures for 1975 through 2014.


Fact Sheet Archive on Women in State Legislatures by Year (1975-2016)

Women Candidates and Winners in State Legislative Races - Historical Summary

Year-by-Year Candidates and Election Results (1996-2016)

Research

"Political Parties and the Recruitment of Women to State Legislatures"

by Kira Sanbonmatsu
Journal of Politics 2002, Volume 64 (August)

This article analyzes the role of political parties in shaping women's representation across the U.S. states. 

Article
Research
CAWP Scholar
Candidate Recruitment
Political Parties
State Legislature

The Impact of Women in Public Office

Edited by Susan J. Carroll 
Indiana University Press, 2001, 256 pages

The studies in this book examine the impact of women public officials serving in various offices and locales at local, state, and national levels.  Order from Amazon and a percentage of the sale goes to CAWP.

Book
Research
CAWP Scholar
Impact of Women Public Officials
Congress
Statewide Executive
State Legislature
Local

Women State Legislators: Past, Present, and Future

Center for American Women and Politics, Eagleton Institute of Politics, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, 2001, 14 pages

In 2001, CAWP surveyed female and male state legislators and compared the new data with prior CAWP research findings. The initial brief research reports include descriptions of women legislators today and comparisons with their male colleagues as well as with their 1988 counterparts.

Report
CAWP Scholar
Research
Impact of Women Public Officials
State Legislature

Unrealized Opportunity? Term Limits and the Representation of Women in State Legislatures

by Susan J. Carroll and Krista Jenkins 
Women & Politics 23:4 [2001]: 1-30 

A general overview on the effect of term limits on the numbers of women in elective office.

Article
Research
CAWP Scholar
Women and Term Limits
State Legislature

The Impact of Term Limits on Women

by Susan J. Carroll 
Spectrum: The Journal of State Government, 2001, 3 pages 

This article finds that "contrary to the expectation of term-limit advocates and many scholars, the number of women serving in term-limited statehouse seats actually decreased following the 1998 and 2000 elections."

Article
Research
CAWP Scholar
Women and Term Limits
State Legislature

Equality Deferred: Women Candidates for the New Jersey Assembly 1920-1993

by Richard P. and Katheryne McCormick 
Center for American Women and Politics, 1994, 49 pages 

This report explores the history of women's candidacies for the New Jersey Assembly and analyzes some of the reasons for the status of women as office-seekers in the state. 

Report
New Jersey
Research
Candidate Recruitment
Candidates and Campaigns
State Legislature

Women State Legislators, Women's Organizations, and the Representation of Women's Culture in the United States

by Susan J. Carroll
Book chapter in Women Transforming Politics: Worldwide Strategies for Empowerment, edited by Jill M. Bystydzienski (Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1991)

Book Chapter
Research
CAWP Scholar
Civic and Political Activism
State Legislature

Reshaping the Agenda: Women in State Legislatures

by Debra L. Dodson and Susan J. Carroll
Center for American Women and Politics, Eagleton Institute of Politics, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, 1991, 122 pages

This report examines gender differences among state legislators in their policy views, actions, and perspectives on the legislative process. 

Report
Research
CAWP Scholar
Impact of Women Public Officials
State Legislature

Gender and Policymaking: Studies of Women in Office

Ed. Debra L. Dodson 
Center for American Women and Politics, Eagleton Institute of Politics, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, 1991, 133 pages

This collection of essays investigates the impact of elected and appointed women officeholders at the local, state, and national levels.

Report
Research
CAWP Scholar
Impact of Women Public Officials
Women Political Appointees
Congress
State Legislature
Local

The Impact of Women in Public Office: An Overview

by Debra L. Dodson, Susan J. Carroll, and Ruth B. Mandel
Center for American Women and Politics, Eagleton Institute of Politics, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, 1991, 32 pages

This report highlights and summarizes selected findings from CAWP's study of women state legislators and from the eleven CAWP-sponsored studies of women officeholders' impact conducted by individual scholars. 

Report
CAWP Scholar
Research
Impact of Women Public Officials
State Legislature

Pages