Counts include current and past women senators.
*Women who self-identify as more than one race/ethnicity are included on CAWP pages for each group with which they identify. We strongly caution against adding totals from each racial/ethnic group should, as it will double count officeholders.
Of the 23 women currently serving in the U.S. Senate:
- 3 identify as Asian American/Pacific Islander
- 1 identifies as Black
- 1 identifies as Latina
- 19 identify as white
states (CA, LA, ME, MN, NE, NH) have sent three women to the Senate.
California was the first state to send two women Boxer (D) and Feinstein (D) to the Senate simultaneously.
states (AL, AR, IL, KS, MO, NC, ND, NH, NY, SD, WA) have been represented twice by women in the Senate.
Since that time, four other states have been represented by two women simultaneously (KS, ME, NH, WA).
other states (AK, FL, GA, HI, IA, MA, MD, MI, MS, NV, OR, TX, WI, WV) have sent one woman to the Senate each.
Currently, four states (CA, MN, NH, WA) are represented by two women in the Senate.
Rebecca Latimer Felton (D-GA) became the first woman appointed to the Senate, but only served one day.
Hattie Wyatt Caraway (D-AR), appointed in 1931 to fill a vacancy caused by her husband's death, ran for a full term and became the first woman elected to the Senate.
Margaret Chase Smith (R-ME) became the first woman elected to the Senate without having first been appointed to serve. Smith had first come to Congress when elected to fill her deceased husband's House seat; she went on to be elected to the Senate in her own right.
Nancy Landon Kassebaum (R-KS) was the first woman to have been elected to the Senate without having previously filled an unexpired Congressional term.
Barbara Mikulski (D-MD) becomes the first Democratic woman to have been elected to the Senate without having previously filled an unexpired Congressional term.
Carol Moseley Braun (D-IL) became the first woman of color elected to the Senate.
Mazie Hirono (D-HI), an Asian/Pacific Islander, became the second woman of color to serve in the Senate.
The first woman ever to chair a major Senate committee was Kassebaum, who chaired the Senate's Labor and Human Resources Committee in the 104th Congress. Caraway chaired the Senate Committee on Enrolled Bills during the 73rd-78th Congresses.
How the 52 Women Who Have Served First Entered the Senate
|Tammy Baldwin||D||U.S. Senator||2013-present||Wisconsin|
|Maria Cantwell||D||U.S. Senator||2001-present||Washington|
|Shelley Moore Capito||R||U.S. Senator||2015-present||West Virginia|
|Susan Collins||R||U.S. Senator||1997-present||Maine|
|Catherine Cortez Masto||D||U.S. Senator||2017-present||Nevada|
|Tammy Duckworth||D||U.S. Senator||2017-present||Illinois|
|Joni Ernst||R||U.S. Senator||2015-present||Iowa|
|Dianne Feinstein||D||U.S. Senator||1992-present||California|
|Deb Fischer||R||U.S. Senator||2013-present||Nebraska|
|Kirsten E. Gillibrand||D||U.S. Senator||2009-present||New York|
|Kamala Harris||D||U.S. Senator||2017-2021||California|
|Maggie Hassan||D||U.S. Senator||2017-present||New Hampshire|
|Heidi Heitkamp||D||U.S. Senator||2013-2018||North Dakota|
|Mazie K. Hirono||D||U.S. Senator||2013-present||Hawaii|
|Cindy Hyde-Smith||R||U.S. Senator||2018-present||Mississippi|
|Amy Klobuchar||D/DFL||U.S. Senator||2007-present||Minnesota|
|Claire McCaskill||D||U.S. Senator||2007-2018||Missouri|
|Lisa Murkowski||R||U.S. Senator||2002-present||Alaska|
|Patty Murray||D||U.S. Senator||1993-present||Washington|
|Jeanne Shaheen||D||U.S. Senator||2009-present||New Hampshire|
|Tina Smith||D/DFL||U.S. Senator||2018-present||Minnesota|
|Debbie A. Stabenow||D||U.S. Senator||2001-present||Michigan|
|Elizabeth A. Warren||D||U.S. Senator||2013-present||Massachusetts|