Gender Gap in Voting

The gender gap in voting refers to the difference in the percentage of women and the percentage of men voting for a given candidate.

Fact Sheets

Gender Gap: Voting Choices In Presidential Elections
Lists percentages of women and men voting for presidential candidates 1980-2016. The gender gap in voting refers to the difference in the percentage of women and the percentage of men voting for a given candidate. A gender gap in voting for presidential candidates has been apparent in every election since 1980.

Gender Gap: Party Identification and Presidential Performance Ratings
Polling data from 1952-2020 on differences between men and women on party identification and presidential performance ratings, from Ronald Reagan through Barack Obama.

Gender Gap: Attitudes on Public Policy
Polling data from 2012 on differences between men and women on selected policy issues.


Comparison of 2020 Election Surveys
Gender gap data on the 2020 presidential election from multiple election surveys. CAWP compared available gender gap and women’s vote data disaggregated by various demographic categories.

Gen Dems: The Party's Advantage Among Young Voters Widens
In surveys conducted between October 2007 and March 2008, 58% of voters under age 30 identified or leaned toward the Democratic Party, compared with 33% who identified or leaned toward the GOP. The Democratic Party's current lead in party identification among young voters has more than doubled since the 2004 campaign, from 11 points to 25 points.

Super Tuesday (2/05/2008) - Proportions of Men and Women Voting for Hillary Clinton

The Gender Gap and the 2004 Women’s Vote: Setting the Record Straight
Media coverage this election season has featured a great deal of misinformation about the gender gap and women’s voting patterns. This advisory explains the gender gap issue, the women's vote and provides some facts, both current and historical, on the gender gap and the women's vote.

Gender Gap in the 2000 Elections

Gender Gap in the 1998 Elections

Press Releases

Women Voters Propel Democratic Takeover of U.S. House of Representatives; Large Gender Gaps Apparent in Most 2018 Senate and Gubernatorial Races

Historic Gender Gap Isn’t Enough to Propel Clinton to Victory in 2016 Presidential Race

Gender Gaps Apparent in Almost All 2014 Senate and Gubernatorial Races; Unlike 2010, a Majority of Women Voted for the Democratic Candidate in U.S. House Contests

Gender Gap Evident in all 2012 Gubernatorial Races

Women's Votes Critical to Democrats Retaining Control of the U. S. Senate in 2012

Women's Votes Decisive in 2012 Presidential Race
Gender Gap Widespread in 2010 Elections: Women Less Likely than Men to Support Republican Candidates

Women Voters Less Likely Than Men to Support Republican Women Candidates; Gender Gap Remains a Force in Election 2010

Gender Gap Evident in the 2008 Election: Women, Unlike Men, Show Clear Preference for Obama over McCain

Election 2006: Women’s Votes Pivotal in Shifting Control of US Senate to Democrats

The Gender Gap Persists in 2004 Election

The Gender Gap in 2004 Election Widespread