Political Parties

Addressing varied aspects of women’s engagement with political parties as candidates, officeholders and voters. 







  • Life's A Party: Do Political Parties Help or Hinder Women?



    by Kira Sanbonmatsu
    Harvard International Review, 2010

    Sanbonmatsu evaluates the role of political parties in electing women to office. She argues that the history of U.S. parties indicates that women’s organizations and movements, women leaders, and women voters are the keys to making political parties a help rather than a hindrance to women’s representation.

    Article
    Research
    CAWP Scholar
    Political Parties
    Candidates and Campaigns
    Candidate Recruitment






  • Gender and Elections: Shaping the Future of American Politics, 2nd Edition



    Eds. Susan J. Carroll, CAWP, Rutgers University and Richard L. Fox, Union College, New York
    Cambridge University Press, 2009 Second Edition, 314 pages 

    The 2nd edition of this textbook describes the role of gender in the American electoral process through the 2008 elections. Tailored for courses on women and politics, elections, and gender politics, it strikes a balance between highlighting the most important developments for women as voters and candidates in the 2008 elections and providing a deeper analysis of the ways that gender has helped shape electoral politics in the United States.  Individual chapters demonstrate the importance of gender in understanding presidential elections, voter participation and turnout, voting choices, the participation of African American women

    Book
    Research
    CAWP Scholar
    Political Parties
    Candidates and Campaigns
    Women of Color in Politics
    Women Voters and the Gender Gap
    State Legislature
    Statewide Executive
    Congress
    Federal Executive






  • Gender Backlash in American Politics?



    by Kira Sanbonmatsu
    Politics and Gender (September 2006) 

    The author introduces the idea of a backlash against women's representation, proposes several preliminary hypotheses about a backlash, and discusses ways of testing them.

    Article
    Research
    CAWP Scholar
    Political Parties
    Candidates and Campaigns
    State Legislature






  • Do Parties Know that ‘Women Win’? Party Leader Beliefs about Women’s Electoral Chances



    by Kira Sanbonmatsu
    Politics & Gender 2006 (December)

    In an analysis of state legislative election results, the author finds few gender differences in candidates' vote share and success rates—two widely used measures of the status of women candidates. Yet many party leaders report that one gender has an electoral advantage. These party leader perceptions are related to the objective measures of women's electoral success to some extent. However, most analyses reveal a gap between elite perceptions and objective measures of women's status as candidates. This disjuncture suggests that scholars may have overestimated the extent of party leader and voter support for women. 

    Article
    Research
    CAWP Scholar
    Political Parties
    Candidates and Campaigns






  • Where Women Run: Gender and Party in the American States



    by Kira Sanbonmatsu 
    University of Michigan Press, 2006, 264 pages

    Drawing on surveys and case studies of party leaders and legislators in six states, the author analyzes the links between parties and representation, exposing the mechanism by which parties’ informal recruitment practices shape who runs – or doesn’t run – for political office in the United States. 

    Book
    Research
    CAWP Scholar
    Political Parties
    Candidates and Campaigns
    Candidate Recruitment






  • Gender and Elections: Shaping the Future of American Politics, 1st Edition



    Eds. Susan J. Carroll, CAWP, Rutgers University and Richard L. Fox, Union College, New York
    Cambridge University Press, 2005 First Edition, 240 pages 

    Gender and Elections offers a systematic, lively, multi-faceted account of the role of gender in the electoral process through the 2004 elections. This volume strikes a balance between highlighting the most important developments for women as voters and candidates in the 2004 elections and providing a more long-term, in-depth analysis of the ways that gender has helped shape the contours and outcomes of electoral politics in the United States. Individual chapters demonstrate the importance of gender in understanding and interpreting presidential elections, voter participation and turnout, voting choices, congressional elections, the

    Book
    Research
    CAWP Scholar
    Political Parties
    Candidates and Campaigns
    Women of Color in Politics
    Women Voters and the Gender Gap
    State Legislature
    Statewide Executive
    Congress
    Federal Executive






  • Democrats, Republicans, and the Politics of Women’s Place



    by Kira Sanbonmatsu
    University of Michigan Press, 2004, 328 pages 

    This comprehensive study of gender equality debates in the party system from 1968 to 2000 reveals the impact that these changes have had on the political parties. It brings new theory, data, and analyses to bear on the questions of party politics, electoral realignment, and the women's movement.  

    Book
    Research
    CAWP Scholar
    Political Parties
    Candidates and Campaigns






  • Candidate Recruitment and Women's Election to the State Legislatures



    by Kira Sanbonmatsu
    Center for American Women and Politics, Eagleton Institute of Politics, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, 2003, 47 pages

    This report points out that where women run is a critical but overlooked question in studies on women’s successes in running for office. The report finds that candidate emergence and recruitment differs across states. To varying degrees, party recruitment, beliefs about women’s electability, interest groups, and the presence of women legislators, women leaders, and women’s organizations in a state all play a role in the likelihood of a woman running for the legislature.

    Report
    Research
    CAWP Scholar
    Political Parties
    Candidates and Campaigns
    Candidate Recruitment






  • Women and American Politics: New Questions, New Directions



    Edited by Susan J. Carroll 
    Oxford University Press, 2003, 262 pages

    This volume presents a research agenda, developed by leading scholars of American politics, suggesting directions that could fruitfully shape the study of women and American politics in the early twenty-first century. Contributors suggest approaches, methods, and topics for future research on political recruitment, campaign strategy, money, political leadership, parties and women's organizations, the gender gap in voting and public opinion, media, women of color, and participation outside of conventional electoral politics.

    Book
    Research
    CAWP Scholar
    Political Parties
    Civic and Political Activism
    Candidates and Campaigns
    Candidate Recruitment
    Women of Color in Politics
    Women Voters and the Gender Gap






  • “Partisan Dynamics of the Gender Gap among State Legislators”



    by Susan J. Carroll
    Spectrum: The Journal of State Government (Fall 2002) 

    Overall, women state legislators today are more liberal in their political ideology and policy attitudes than their male colleagues. Today’s gender gap is due more to the disproportionate number of Democrats among women legislators. The greatest change over time has taken place among Republican women representatives, who are more conservative and more like their male counterparts. 

    Article
    Research
    CAWP Scholar
    Political Parties
    State Legislature