Selected Bibliography on Women and the Presidency

This bibliography spotlights the most recent and relevant scholarship on gender and executive office, focusing specifically on research related to presidential campaigns. 


Book cover, side profile of Hilary Clinton in magenta suit with black background

Love Her, Love Her Not: The Hillary Paradox

Joanne Bamberger, 2015

Book cover, Sarah Palin from nose up peeking over title

Framing Sarah Palin: Pit Bulls, Puritans, and Politics.

Linda Beail and Rhonda Kinney Longworth, 2012​​​​

Book cover, gray star on white background with red and blue title and gold stars border

Madam President: Women Blazing the Leadership Trail

Eleanor Clift, 2003

Book cover, blue and white text and background with gold border

What Happened

Hillary Rodham Clinton, 2017

Book cover, large political button with white stars on blue background, white, and red stripe

Women for President: Media Bias in Nine Campaigns

Erika Falk, 2010

Book cover, bkack background with side profiles of Hilary Clinton one looking left  and one looking right

Madam President: Is America Ready to Send Hillary Clinton to the White House?

Suzanne Goldenberg, 2008

Book cover, Hilary Clinton in orange suit, arms outstretched in front of DNC backdrop

Almost Madam President: Why Hillary Clinton "Won" in 2008

Nichola Gutgold, 2009

Book cover, women's political buttons on black background

Paving the Way for Madam President

​​​​​​Nichola Gutgold, 2006

Book cover showing red X in blue box on white background

In It to Win It: Electing Madam President

​​​​​Lori Cox Han, 2007

Book cover, black and white of American flag

Rethinking Madam President: Are We Ready for a Woman in the White House?

​​​​​​Lori Cox Han and Caroline Heldman, 2007

Book cover, Bernie Sanders smiling, Hilary Clinton smiling, Donald Trump

Sex and Gender in the 2016 Presidential Election

​​​​​​Caroline Heldman, Meredith Conroy, and Alissa R. Ackerman, 2016

Book cover, red and blue text with blue stars on background that looks like aged paper

Man Enough? Donald Trump, Hillary Clinton, and the Politics of Presidential Masculinity

​​​​​​Jackson Katz, 2016

Book cover, red and blue text with red stars on background that looks like aged paper

Leading Men: Presidential Campaigns and the Politics of Manhood

​​​​​​Jackson Katz, 2012

Book cover, red crackled background with Presidential seal with a silhouette of a woman

Notes from the Cracked Ceiling: What It Will Take for a Woman to Win

​​​​​​Anne E. Kornblut, 2011

Book cover, gray background with black and whites of Donald Trump and Hilary Clinton speaking at microphones

Nasty Women & Bad Hombres: Gender & Race ​​​​​​in the 2016 U.S. Presidential Election

​​​​​​Christine A. Kray, Tamar W. Carroll, Hinda Mandell, 2018

Book cover, Hilary Clinton smiling and waving in orange suit background image photographers

Hillary Clinton's Race for the White House: Gender Politics & Media on the Campaign Trail

Regina G. Lawrence and Melody Rose, 2009

Book cover, black and white drawing of women outside of White House one in black bonnet and floor length dress, and one wearing skirt suit carrying briefcase

The Presidency and Women: Promise, Performance, and Illusion

Janet Martin, 2003

Book cover, piece of paper with tear in the middle

The Gendered Executive: A Comparative Analysis of Presidents, Prime Ministers & Chief Executives 

Janet Martin, Maryanne Borelli, 2016

Book cover, gold and black text with red star

 Dear Madam President: An Open Letter to the Women Who Will Run the World

​​​​​​Jennifer Palmieri, 2018

Book cover, Hilary Clinton outside looking down smiling with photographers in the background

Hillary Clinton in the News: Gender and Authenticity in American Politics

​​​​​​Shawn J. Parry-Giles, 2014

Book cover, beige background with blue text

Women & Executive Office: Pathways and Performance

​​​​​​Melody Rose, 2012

Book cover, red background Sarah Palin, Michelle Obama, and Hilary Clinton

You've Come a Long Way  Maybe: Michelle, Sarah, Hillary, & the Shaping of the New American Woman

Leslie Sanchez, 2009

Book cover, red bar at top with white stars and blue bar at the bottom with white stars the word WOMAN in between

What Will It Take to Make a Woman President?

​​​​​​Marianne Schnall, 2013

Book cover, blue background with red unequal sign

Woman President: Confronting Postfeminist Political Culture

​​​​​​Kristina Horn Sheeler and Karrin Vasby Anderson, 2013

Book cover, red background with yellow and white text

Big Girls Don't Cry: The Election That Changed Everything for American Women

​​​​​​Rebecca Traister, 2011

Book cover, row of mens legs in pants and dress shoes with woman's legs standing in front with black pantyhose and and heels

Women and the White House: Gender, Popular Culture, and Presidential Politics

Justin S. Vaugn and Lilly J. Goren, 2013

Book cover, drawing of feet wearing blue high heels with white stars on the heels and red and white stripes above the ankles

Anticipating Madam President

​​​​​​Robert P. Watson and Ann Gordon, 2003


Anderson, Karrin Vasby. 2002.  “From Spouses to Candidates: Hillary Rodham Clinton, Elizabeth Dole, and the Gendered Office of U.S. President.”  Rhetoric & Public Affairs 5(1): 105-132.

Bystrom, Dianne, and Daniela V. Dimitrova. 2014. “Migraines, Marriage, and Mascara: Media Coverage of Michele Bachmann in the 2012 Republican Presidential Campaign.” American Behavioral Scientist 58 (9): 1169-82.

Carroll, Susan J. 2009. “Reflections on Gender and Hillary Clinton’s Presidential Campaign: The Good, the Bad, and the Misogynic.” Politics & Gender 5: 1-20

Carroll, Susan J., and Kelly Dittmar.  2010.  “The 2008 candidacies of Hillary Clinton and Sarah Palin: cracking the ‘highest, hardest glass ceiling’.”  In Gender and Elections: Shaping the Future of American Politics (2nd Ed.), eds. Susan J.Carroll and Richard L. Fox.  Cambridge, MA:  Cambridge University Press.

Dittmar, Kelly, and Susan J. Carroll. 2014. “Cracking the ‘Highest, Hardest Glass Ceiling’: Women as Presidential and Vice Presidential Contenders.” In Gender and Elections: Shaping the Future of American Politics (3rd Ed.), eds. Susan J. Carroll and Richard L. Fox. Cambridge, MA: Cambridge University Press.

Duerst-Lahti, Georgia. 2006. “Presidential Elections: Gendered Space and the Case of 2004,” Gender and Elections: Shaping the Future of American Politics, eds. Susan J. Carroll and Richard L. Fox. New York: Cambridge University Press.

Duerst-Lahti, Georgia. 2010. “Presidential Elections: Gendered Space and the Case of 2008.” In Gender and Elections: Shaping the Future of American Politics (2nd Ed.), eds. Susan J.Carroll and Richard L. Fox.  Cambridge, MA:  Cambridge University Press.

Duerst-Lahti, Georgia. 2014. “Presidential Elections: Gender Space and the Case of 2012,” Gender and Elections: Shaping the Future of American Politics (3rd Ed.), eds. Susan J. Carroll and Richard L. Fox. New York: Cambridge University Press.

Falk, Erica and Kate Kenski.  2006.  “Sexism Versus Partisanship:  A new look at the question of whether America is ready for a woman president.”  Sex Roles 54(7-8): 413-428.

Gordon, Ann and Jerry Miller.  2001. “Does the Oval Office Have a Glass Ceiling? Gender Stereotypes and Perceptions of Candidate Viability.” White House Studies 1(3): 325-336.

Heldman, Caroline, Susan Carroll, and Stephanie Olson. 2005. ” ‘She Brought Only a Skirt’: Print
Media Coverage of Elizabeth Dole’s Bid for the Republican Presidential Nomination.” Political Communication 22(3): 315-335.

Huddy, Leonie and Tony E. Carey Jr. 2009. “Group Politics Redux: Race and Gender in the 2008 Democratic Presidential Primaries.Politics & Gender 5.

Junn, Jane. 2009. “Making Room for Women of Color: Race and Gender Categories in the 2008 U.S. Presidential Election.” Politics & Gender 5: 105-110.

Kenski, Kate and Erika Falk.  2004.  “Of What is the Glass Ceiling Made?: A Study of Attitudes about
Women and the Oval Office.” Women and Politics 26 (2): 57-80.

Mandel, Ruth B. 2007. “She’s the Candidate! A Woman for President.” In Women and Leadership: The State of Play and Strategies for Change, eds. Barbara Kellerman and Deborah L. Rhode. Jossey-Bass.

McClain, Paula D., Niambi M. Carter, and Michael C. Brady. 2005. “Gender and Black Presidential Politics: From Chisholm to Moseley Braun.” Journal of Women, Politics & Policy 27(1-2): 51-68.

Miller, Melissa K., and Jeffrey S. Peake. 2013. “Press Effects, Public Opinion, and Gender: Coverage of Sarah Palin’s Vice-Presidential Campaign.” International Journal of Press/Politics 18 (4): 482-507.

Paul, David, and Jessi L. Smith. 2008. “Subtle Sexism? Examining Vote Preferences When Women Run Against Men for the Presidency.”Journal of Women, Politics and Policy 29(4): 451-76.

Rosenwasser, Shirley M. and Jana Seale. 1998. “Attitudes Toward a Hypothetical Male or Female Presidential Candidate–A Research Note.” Political Psychology 9 (4): 591-598

Streb, Matthew J., Barbara Burrell, Brian Frederick, and Michael A. Genovese. 2008.  “Social Desirability Effects and Support for a Female American President,Public Opinion Quarterly 72 (1): 76-89.