Women in Elective Office 2021

In 2021, 143 women serve in the U.S. Congress; 24 women serve in the Senate and 119 women in the House. The number of women in statewide elective executive posts is 94, and the proportion of women in state legislatures is 31.0 percent. Kamala Harris (D) serves as vice president.
 
 
Vice President
1

Kamala Harris (D) became the first woman to hold the office of Vice President on January 20, 2021. She is also the first woman of color, the first Black person, and the first South Asian person elected to this office. Previously, Vice President Harris served in the U.S. Senate as well as California’s Attorney General.

1 Democrat
Congress
143

In 2021, women hold 143, or 26.7%, of the 535 seats in the 117th U.S. Congress - 24, or 24.0%, of the 100 seats in the Senate and 119, or 27.4%, of the 435 seats in the House of Representatives. Congresswoman Nancy Pelosi (D-CA), the first woman Speaker of the House, holds the highest position in the House and is second in line of presidential succession. The record high for women serving in Congress was 144, set between January 3, 2021 and January 18, 2021. The record high for women serving in the U.S. Senate was 26, last set between January 3, 2021 and January 18, 2021. The record high for women serving in the U.S. House is 119 (last set as of June 14, 2021), which is also the current number of women serving in the House.

104 Democrats
39 Republicans

plus 4 (2D, 2R) Delegates

Statewide Elective Executive Offices
94

In 2021, 94 women hold statewide elective executive offices across the country; women hold 30.3% of the 310 available positions. Among these women, 51 are Democrats, 41 are Republicans and 2 are non-partisan. The record high for women serving in statewide elective executive office was 95, last set between April 14, 2021 and September 17, 2021. This matches a record high for women serving as governors.

51 Democrats
41 Republicans
 

2 non-partisan

Governors - 9 (6D, 3R)
AL Kay Ivey (R)
IA Kim Reynolds (R)
KS Laura Kelly (D)
ME Janet Mills (D)
MI Gretchen Whitmer (D)
NM Michelle Lujan Grisham (D)
NY Kathy Hochul (D)
OR Kate Brown (D)
SD Kristi Lynn Noem (R)
Lt. Governors - 17 (10D, 7R)
CA Eleni Kounalakis (D)   MA Karyn Polito (R)
CO Dianne Primavera (D)   MN Peggy Flanagan (D)
CT Susan Bysiewicz (D)     MT Kristen Juras (R)
DE Bethany Hall-Long (D)   NJ Sheila Oliver (D)
FL Jeanette Nunez (R)   RI Sabina Matos (D)
ID Janice McGeachin (R)   SC Pamela Evette (R)
IL Juliana Stratton (D)   UT Deidre Henderson (R)
IN Suzanne Crouch (R)   VT Molly Gray (D)
KY Jacqueline Coleman (D)      
Other Elective Offices - 68 (35D, 31R, 2NP)
Attorney General - 8 (5D, 3R)   Railroad Commissioner - 1R
Secretary of State - 13 (9D, 4R)   Commisioner of Labor - 2 (1R, 1NP)
State Treasurer/Chief Financial Officer - 10 (5D, 5R)   Corporation Commissioner  - 4 (2D, 2R)
State Comptroller - 3D   Public Service Commissioner - 3R
State Auditor - 10 (6D, 4R)   Public Utilities Commissioner - 1R
Chief State Educational Official - 9 (2D, 6R, 1 non-partisan)   Commissioner of Lands - 2D
Insurance Commissioner - 1R   Agriculture Commissioner - 1D

 

State Legislatures
2,290

In 2021, 2,290 (1,513D, 756R, 13NP*, 6Ind, 2Prg.), or 31.0%, of the 7,383 state legislators in the United States are women. Women hold 560 (361D, 186R, 13NP), or 28.4%, of the 1,972 state senate seats and 1,730 (1,152D, 570R, 6Ind., 2Prg.), or 32.0%, of the 5,411 0state house seats. Since 1971, the number of women serving in state legislatures has more than quintupled. This is a record high for women serving in state legislatures.

1513 D
756 R
 

Includes 13 non-partisan, 6 Independent, 2 Progressive

Top 10 States

Nevada (60.3%)
Oregon (45.6%)
Colorado (45.0%)
Rhode Island (44.2%)
New Mexico (43.8%)
Maine (43.5%)
Arizona (43.4%)
Vermont (42.2%)
Maryland (42.0%)
Washington (41.5%)

Bottom 10 States

West Virginia (12.7%)
Mississippi (15.5%)
Alabama (16.4%)
Tennessee (16.7%)
South Carolina (17.6%)
Wyoming (17.8%)
Louisiana (18.8%)
Oklahoma (20.8%)
North Dakota (22.7%)
Arkansas (23.0%)


 

Local

30.5%
As of April 2021, women make up 30.5% of municipal officeholders. Data provided by the Center for American Women and Politics and KnowWho Data Services. Numbers include members and officers of the municipal legislative branch of incorporated cities and towns with populations over 10,000 as per the U.S. Census. These bodies vary by municipality, but include city councils, boards of alderman, city commissions, among others. Mayors and other officials who perform mayoral functions are included in these counts.

407
As of May 2021, per CAWP data and the U.S. Census, of the 1,621 mayors of U.S. cities with populations of 30,000 and above, 407, or 25.1%, were women. Of those women, 91, or 25.6%, were mayors of the 356 cities with populations of 100,000 or above. Full list here.
 

31
As of September 2021, among the 100 largest cities in the U.S., 31 had women mayors. Seven are Black women (Keisha Lance Bottoms, Atlanta, GA; Muriel Bowser, Washington, DC; London Breed, San Francisco, CA; LaToya Cantrell, New Orleans, LA; Kim Janey, Acting Boston, MA; Lori Lightfoot, Chicago, IL; Vi Alexander Lyles, Charlotte, NC); three are Latina (Mary Casillas Salas, Chula Vista, CA; Paulette M. Guajardo, Corpus Christi, TX; Regina Romero, Tucson, AZ); and three are Asian Pacific Islander women (Karen K. Goh, Bakersfield, CA; Farrah Khan, Irvine, CA; Lily Mei, Fremont, CA).

Women Mayors Among the 100 Largest Cities
City Mayor Rank

Chicago, IL
Phoenix, AZ
Fort Worth, TX
Charlotte, NC
San Franciso, CA
Seattle, WA
Washington, DC
Boston, MA
Las Vegas, NV
Tucson, AZ
Atlanta, GA
Omaha, NE
Raleigh, NC
Oakland, CA
Tampa, FL
New Orleans, LA
Bakersfield, CA
Riverside, CA
Islip, NY
Corpus Christi, TX
Lexington, KY
Henderson, NV
St. Louis, MO
Greensboro, NC
Lincoln, NE
Irvine, CA
Chula Vista, CA
Madison, WI
Reno, NV
Gilbert, AZ
Fremont, CA

Lori Lightfoot
Kate Gallego
Mattie Parker
Vi Alexander Lyles
London Breed
Jenny Durkan
Muriel Bowser
Kim Janey, acting
Carolyn Goodman
Regina Romero
Keisha Lance Bottoms
Jean Stothert
Mary-Ann Baldwin
Elizabeth "Libby" Schaaf
Jane Castor
LaToya Cantrell
Karen K. Goh
Patricia Lock Dawson
Angie M. Carpenter
Paulette M. Guajardo
Linda Gorton
Debra March
Tishaura Jones
Nancy Vaughan
Leirion Gaylor Baird
Farrah Khan
Mary Casillas Salas
Satya Rhodes-Conway
Hillary Schieve
Brigette Peterson
Lily Mei

3
5
13
15
16
19
21
22
28
34
38
42
43
47
50
52
54
60
61
62
63
64
68
71
72
76
79
86
89
91
97

Percentages of Women in Elective Office

Year U.S.
Congress
Statewide
Elective
State
Legislatures
  Year U.S.
Congress
Statewide
Elective
State
Legislatures
1971    3% 7% N/A      2001 13.6% 27.6% 22.4%
1973   3% 8% N/A   2003 13.6% 26.0% 22.4%
1975  4% 10% 8%   2005 15.0% 25.7% 22.4%
1977   4% 10% 9%   2007 16.1% 24.1% 23.5%
1979   3% 11% 10%   2009 16.8% 22.6% 24.3%
1981   4% 11% 12%   2011 16.8% 22.1% 23.7%
1983   4% 11% 13%   2012 16.8% 23.4% 23.7%
1985 5% 14% 15%   2013 18.5% 23.0% 24.2%
1987 5% 14% 16%   2014 18.7% 23.0% 24.3%
1989 5% 14% 16%   2015 19.4% 24.8% 24.6%
1991 6% 18% 18%   2016 19.6% 24.1% 24.5%
1993 10.1% 22.2% 20.5%   2017 19.6% 22.8% 25.1%
1995 10.3% 25.9% 20.6%   2018 20.6% 23.8% 25.4%
1997 11.0% 25.4% 21.6%   2019 23.7% 29.3% 28.9%
1999 12.1% 27.6% 22.4%   2020 23.6% 28.9% 29.3%
          2021 26.7% 30.3% 31.0%

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