Women in the U.S. Congress 2021

Current Congress
(105D, 39R)
26.9% of 535 seats
U.S. Senate
(16D, 8R)
24% of 100 seats
U.S. House
(89D, 31R)
27.6% of 435 seats
U.S. Delegate
(2D, 2R)

U.S. Delegates are non-voting members and are not included in our total counts for women in Congress.

Congresswomen by Race and Ethnicity

Women who self-identify as more than one race/ethnicity are included on CAWP pages for each group with which they identify. We strongly caution against adding totals from each racial/ethnic group should, as it will double count officeholders.


Of the 144 women in the Current Congress: 

  • 10 identify as Asian American/Pacific Islander
  • 25 identify as Black
  • 14 identify as Latina
  • 1 identifies as Native American/Alaska Native/Native Hawaiian
  • 1 identifies as Middle Eastern/North African 
  • 95 identify as white

In addition, of the 4 women who serve as non-voting delegates: 1 identifies as Asian American/Pacific Islander, 2 identify as Black, 1 identifies as Latina.

Historic Congress
(254D, 135R)

The number of women who have served in Congress to date.

3.1% of all members of Congress to date have been women.

  • California has sent more women to Congress than any other state - a total of 47 to date.
  • New York is next with 31 women to date.
  • Vermont is the only state that has never sent a woman to either the House or the Senate.
U.S. Senate Only
(25D, 17R)
U.S. House Only
(11R, 5R)

7 (4D, 3R) women have served as non-voting delegates and are not included in our totals.

Both U.S. Senate and U.S. House
(11D, 5R)
  • 1916

    Jeannette Rankin (R-MT) became the first woman elected to the U.S. House of Representatives.

  • 1922

    Rebecca Latimer Felton (D-GA) became the first woman appointed to the Senate, but only served one day.

  • 1964

    Patsy Takemoto Mink (D-HI) became the first woman of color elected to the House.

  • 1978

    Nancy Landon Kassebaum (R-KS) became the first woman elected to the Senate without having previously filled an unexpired Congressional term. Barbara Mikulski (D-MD) was the first Democratic woman to do so in 1987.

  • 1992

    Carol Moseley Braun (D-IL) became the first woman of color elected to the Senate.

  • 1998

    Tammy Baldwin (D-WI) became the first openly gay or lesbian person elected to an initial Congressional term. She is now the first openly gay member of the Senate.