Women in the U.S. Congress 2019

Current Congress
(105D, 21R)
23.6% of 535 seats
U.S. Senate
(17D, 8R)
25% of 100 seats
U.S. House
(88D, 13R)
23.2% of 435 seats
U.S. Delegate
(2D, 2R)

U.S. Delegates are non-voting members and are not included in our total counts for women in Congress.

Congresswomen by Race and Ethnicity

Women who self-identify as more than one race/ethnicity are included on CAWP pages for each group with which they identify. We strongly caution against adding totals from each racial/ethnic group should, as it will double count officeholders.

of the 126 women in the Current Congress:

  • 9 identify as Asian American/Pacific Islander
  • 23 identify as Black
  • 13 identify as Latina
  • 2 identify as Native American
  • 2 identify as Middle Eastern/North African
  • 78 identify as white

In addition, of the 4 women who serve as non-voting delegates: 1 identifies as Asian American/Pacific Islander, 2 identify as Black, 1 identifies as Latina.

Historic Congress
(243D, 115R)

The number of women who have served in Congress to date.

  • California has sent more women to Congress than any other state - a total of 43 to date.
  • New York is next with 29 women to date.
  • 1 state (VT) has never sent a woman to either the House or the Senate.
U.S. Senate Only
(25D, 15R)
U.S. House Only
(207D, 95R)
Both U.S. Senate and U.S. House
(11D, 5R)
  • 1916

    Jeannette Rankin (R-MT) became the first woman elected to the U.S. House of Representatives.

  • 1922

    Rebecca Latimer Felton (D-GA) became the first woman appointed to the Senate, but only served one day.

  • 1964

    Patsy Takemoto Mink (D-HI) became the first woman of color elected to the House.

  • 1978

    Nancy Landon Kassebaum (R-KS) became the first woman elected to the Senate without having previously filled an unexpired Congressional term. Barbara Mikulski (D-MD) was the first Democratic woman to do so in 1987.

  • 1992

    Carol Moseley Braun (D-IL) became the first woman of color elected to the Senate.

  • 1998

    Tammy Baldwin (D-WI) became the first openly gay or lesbian person elected to an initial Congressional term. She is now the first openly gay member of the Senate.