Gender Stereotypes and Attitudes Toward Gender Balance in Government
by Kathleen Dolan and Kira Sanbonmatsu American Politics Research, August 2008
The desire to elect more women to public office is likely to affect a range of political behaviors and may explain the relatively low levels of women's descriptive representation overall. Yet, little is known about the public's view of the ideal gender composition of government. The authors find that the public expresses a preference for higher levels of women's representation than the country has experienced. Women are more likely than men to express a view, though men and women do not differ in their preferences on the ideal percentage of male officeholders. The article examines the role of gender stereotypes and the experience of being represented by women officeholders in shaping support for women's representation.
Gender and Elections: Shaping the Future of American Politics, 1st Edition
Eds. Susan J. Carroll, CAWP, Rutgers University and Richard L. Fox, Union College, New York
Cambridge University Press, 2005 First Edition, 240 pages
Gender and Elections offers a systematic, lively, multi-faceted account of the role of gender in the electoral process through the 2004 elections. This volume strikes a balance between highlighting the most important developments for women as voters and candidates in the 2004 elections and providing a more long-term, in-depth analysis of the ways that gender has helped shape the contours and outcomes of electoral politics in the United States. Individual chapters demonstrate the importance of gender in understanding and interpreting presidential elections, voter participation and turnout, voting choices, congressional elections, the participation of African American women, the support of political parties and women's organizations, candidate communications with voters, and state elections.
Gender-Related Political Knowledge and the Descriptive Representation of Women
by Kira Sanbonmatsu Political Behavior, 2003 (December)
This study finds that political knowledge of one kind--knowledge about the actual level of women's representation--is related to support for having more women in office. Individuals who underestimate the percentage of women in office are more likely than individuals who know the correct percentage to support increasing women's representation. Meanwhile, individuals who overestimate the percentage of women in office are less likely to support increasing women's representation. Ironically, women are more likely than men to overestimate the presence of women in office.
Edited by Susan J. Carroll
Indiana University Press, 2001, 256 pages
The studies in this book examine the impact of women public officials serving in various offices and locales at local, state, and national levels. Order from Amazon and a percentage of the sale goes to CAWP.
Legislating by and for Women: A Comparison of the 103rd and 104th Congresses
by Mary Hawkesworth, Debra Dodson, Katherine E. Kleeman, Kathleen J. Casey, and Krista Jenkins
Center for American Women and Politics, Eagleton Institute of Politics, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, 2000, 51 pages
This report examines the political work of women legislators in the 103rd and 104th congresses as they attempted to transform their commitment to represent women into law.
Impact of Women Public Officials
Welfare Reform in the 104th Congress: Institutional Position and the Role of Women
by Susan J. Carroll (with Kathleen J. Casey)
Book chapter in Women and Welfare: Theory and Practice in the United States and Europe, edited by Nancy J. Hirschmann and Ulrike Liebert (Rutgers University Press, 2001)
Representing Women: Congresswomen's Perceptions of Their Representational Roles
by Susan J. Carroll, 2000, 12 pages
This report assesses the extent to which women members of Congress see themselves and act as surrogate representatives for women who may live beyond the borders of their districts. (Data based on larger CAWP report on women members of the 103rd and 104th Congresses.)
by Debra L. Dodson, Susan J. Carroll, Ruth B. Mandel, Katherine E. Kleeman, Ronnee Schreiber, and Debra Liebowitz
Center for American Women and Politics, Eagleton Institute of Politics, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, 1995, 32 pages
This report examines how the women in the 103rd Congress acted to shape the content of legislation, to build support for bills, and to create a political environment in which they could effect change.